A biological corridor is a continuous passage between ecosystems and natural or modified habitats.
These corridors constitute a strategy to face the problem of the fragmentation of the habitats, enhanced by activities such as agriculture, industrial reforestation, urbanization… Biological corridors are used as complement or as zone of damping for traditional parks, allowing the communication between different protected areas.
The Mesoamericano Corridor
The Mesoamericano biological corridor is an international project aiming at preserving the ecological connectivity over the Central American isthmus.
Eight countries (Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and Mexico) are involved via the Central American Commission of the Environment.
Costa Rica is deeply involved in the protection and conservation of the environment. In 1999, a program of reinforcement for the Mesoamericano biological corridor was established to facilitate the establishment of a national program of several small biological corridors that would form bridges between the different protected areas.
The Biological Volcanical Central Talamanca Corridor (CBVCT)
This corridor is 11.400 hectares bright. Located betwwen the provinces of Carthage and Limon, and inside conserved zones 'Cordillera Volcanica Central, Amistad Pacifico and Caribean' and implies the following townships: Turrialba, Jimenez, Paraiso and Alvarado of Cartago, Siquirres, Matina and Guacimo of Limon.
It possesses more than 601 kinds of birds, 169 kinds of mammals and 73 reptiles and 46 amphibians.